Background: Despite treatment, enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma has a very poor outcome. Chemotherapy can be complicated by small bowel perforation, gastrointestinal bleeding and development of enterocolic fistulae. Here we report on the feasibility, safety and efficacy of high-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell transplantation in patients with enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma (three upfront and one at relapse), with or without prior partial small bowel resection.
Methods: Four patients [two males, two females, mean age 65 years (range 60-69 years)] received high-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell transplantation. Partial small bowel resection has been performed in three patients.
Results: All four patients completed the mobilization and leucopheresis procedures successfully and subsequently received conditioning chemotherapy and transplantation. Engraftment occurred in all patients. No major non-haematological toxicity or transplantation-related mortality was observed. One patient has ongoing complete remission 32 months after transplantation. Three patients died from relapse within few months after autologous stem cell transplantation.
Conclusions: Autologous stem cell transplantation seems unsatisfactory for patients with enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma. More intensive conditioning and aggressive chemotherapy with/or without targeted immunotherapy as well as allogenous stem cell transplantation needs to be explored.