[Mechanisms and toxic effects of lead on the cardiovascular system]

Med Pr. 2006;57(6):543-9.
[Article in Polish]


Exposure to lead is still one of essential health problems in our country. Current views on mechanisms and toxic effects of lead on the cardiovascular system are presented. Special attention is paid to changes in the heart morphology and physiology resulting from long-term exposure to lead, the effect of lead on the muscular coat and endothelium of blood vessels, changes in the metabolism of erythrocytes, leukocytes and thrombocytes in persons chronically exposed to lead as well as to the relation between lead and hypertensive and atherosclerotic illnesses induced by changes in the structure and function of the cardiovascular system. The described effects of lead exposure should encourage us to further reduction of occupational and environmental exposure to this metal and controversies that still exist to continue research in this field.

Publication types

  • English Abstract
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology
  • Cardiovascular System / drug effects
  • Cardiovascular System / physiopathology*
  • Humans
  • Lead / adverse effects*
  • Lead / blood
  • Lead Poisoning / complications
  • Occupational Exposure*


  • Lead