Background: The authors investigated whether ABCB1, ABCC2, and ABCG2 genetic polymorphisms affect pharmacokinetics (PK) of irinotecan and treatment outcome of patients with advanced nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
Methods: Blood samples from 107 NSCLC patients treated with irinotecan and cisplatin chemotherapy were used for genotyping ABCB1 (1236C > T, 2677G > T/A, 3435C > T), ABCC2 (-24C > T, 1249G > A, 3972C > T), and ABCG2 (34G > A, 421C > A) polymorphisms. Genotypes were correlated with irinotecan-PK, toxicity, tumor response, and survival.
Results: Among 8 polymorphisms, 3435TT and 2677TT were associated with AUC(SN-38G) and CL(SN-38G). When haplotypes are assigned, 2677TT/3435TT carriers showed significantly lower AUC(SN-38G) (P = .006), whereas 2677GG/3435CC carriers showed significantly higher AUC(SN-38) (P = .039). These findings suggest that 2677TT and 3435TT variants are associated with higher efflux activity. In toxicity, the 2677G/T or A was associated with grade 4 neutropenia. The 2677GG carriers showed significantly lower absolute neutrophil count during the 1(st) cycle (P = .012) as well as entire course of chemotherapy (P = .042). The 3435TT was associated with higher frequency of grade 3 diarrhea (P = .047). In tumor response, ABCC2 -24TT and 3972TT genotypes were associated with higher response rates (P = .031 and P = .048, [corrected] respectively) and longer progression-free survival (P = .010 and P = .019, [corrected] respectively), which was sustained in haplotype analysis.
Conclusions: Specific polymorphisms of ABCB1 and ABCC2 can influence disposition and tumor response to irinotecan by regulating transporter activity. These findings may help to individualize irinotecan-based chemotherapy in patients with advanced NSCLC.
Copyright (c) 2007 American Cancer Society.