Predictors of depressive symptoms in Chinese American college students: parent and peer attachment, college challenges and sense of coherence

Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2007 Apr;77(2):316-23. doi: 10.1037/0002-9432.77.2.316.


Based on Antonovsky's salutogenic model, the authors hypothesized that sense of coherence would mediate the effects of parent and peer attachment and college challenges on depressive symptoms as well as moderate the relationship between college challenges and depressive symptoms in Chinese Americans. To test our hypotheses, 353 Chinese American college students completed paper-pencil measures. Supporting our hypotheses, sense of coherence fully mediated the effects of parent and peer attachment on depressive symptom level and served as a partial mediator and moderator of the effect of college challenges on depressive symptoms. Implications of the study findings for promoting the mental health of Chinese American students are discussed.

MeSH terms

  • Acculturation
  • Achievement*
  • Adaptation, Psychological*
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Asian / psychology*
  • Depression / ethnology
  • Depression / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Internal-External Control*
  • Life Change Events
  • Male
  • Object Attachment*
  • Parent-Child Relations*
  • Peer Group*
  • Risk Factors
  • Self Concept*
  • Social Identification
  • Students / psychology*