In vitro approaches to investigate mechanism-based inactivation of CYP enzymes

Expert Opin Drug Metab Toxicol. 2007 Jun;3(3):321-9. doi: 10.1517/17425255.3.3.321.


Mechanism-based inactivation (MBI) of human drug-metabolising CYP enzymes is an important consideration in the preclinical ADME evaluation of new drug candidates. In this report, the in vitro approaches used to investigate MBI of CYP enzymes are described, with an emphasis on the characterisation required to assess potential drug-drug interactions. Recent disparities in MBI data between in vitro test systems are also reviewed, highlighting the limitations of Escherichia coli-expressed human recombinant CYP in the prediction of drug-drug interactions that arise via MBI.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Catalysis / drug effects
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors*
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / chemistry
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / metabolism
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / chemistry
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • Humans
  • Kinetics
  • Models, Biological
  • Oxidation-Reduction / drug effects
  • Theophylline / analogs & derivatives
  • Theophylline / chemistry
  • Theophylline / pharmacology


  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
  • Theophylline
  • furafylline