A comparative study of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy with and without diabetes mellitus

Eur J Neurol. 2007 Jun;14(6):638-43. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-1331.2007.01798.x.


Diabetes mellitus (DM) is occasionally associated with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) raising the question of coexistence or etiological link. The study compares, neurophysiological and outcome of CIDP patients with and without DM. Consecutive CIDP patients were subjected to detailed clinical evaluation, haematology, serum chemistry, vasculitis profile, paraproteins, myeloma screening and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examination. Electrodiagnostic (EDx) tests included motor and sensory conduction and F-wave studies. The patients were treated with oral prednisolone 1 mg/kg/day with or without azathioprine 1-2 mg/kg and followed up for 6 months. The clinical and EDx finding in CIDP with and without DM were compared. Thirty-five CIDP patients were included and nine had DM. CIDP with diabetes (CIDP-D) had higher frequency of autonomic dysfunction. In CIDP-D, motor (38.9% vs. 16.7%) and sensory (40.7% vs. 14.1%) nerve conductions were more frequently unrecordable or had reduced compound muscle action potential (CMAP) amplitude. F-waves were also more frequently unrecordable in CIDP-D (28.8% vs. 12.8%) compared with idiopathic CIDP (I-CIDP). The degree of conduction block was more in I-CIDP. At 6-month follow up, I-CIDP patients improved better than CIDP-D. CIDP-D patients present with higher frequency of autonomic dysfunction, electrophysiological evidences of associated axonal loss and had a poorer outcome at 6 months compared with I-CIDP.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / therapeutic use
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Diabetes Mellitus / drug therapy
  • Diabetes Mellitus / physiopathology*
  • Disability Evaluation
  • Electrodiagnosis / methods
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neural Conduction / drug effects
  • Neural Conduction / physiology
  • Polyradiculoneuropathy, Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating / complications*
  • Polyradiculoneuropathy, Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating / drug therapy
  • Prednisolone / therapeutic use
  • Time Factors


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Prednisolone