Liver specific transcription factors of the HNF3-, C/EBP- and LFB1-families interact with the A-activator binding site

Nucleic Acids Res. 1991 Dec 11;19(23):6383-9. doi: 10.1093/nar/19.23.6383.

Abstract

The A-activator binding site (AABS), present in the Xenopus A2 vitellogenin gene and several mammalian liver specifically expressed genes, interacts with different liver specific transcription factors including LFB1- and C/EBP-isobinders. We have now isolated some additional proteins interacting with AABS and show that they are HNF3-isobinders. The interactions between AABS and members of the HNF3 family are confirmed by binding studies using bacterially made HNF3-alpha protein. Thus a short DNA module of 24 bp is able to bind proteins of three different families of liver specific transcription factors. Competition experiments in the cell free in vitro transcription show that AABS dependent transcriptional activation is mediated by transcription factors belonging to at least two different families, the C/EBP- and the HNF3-isobinders. Being able to mediate the action of several distinct transactivators, AABS may thus be a prototype for a novel kind of tissue specific promoter modules with unique regulatory capacities.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Binding Sites
  • CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins
  • DNA
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1
  • Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-alpha
  • Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-beta
  • Liver / metabolism*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic*
  • Rats
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism*
  • Transcription, Genetic
  • Xenopus
  • Xenopus Proteins

Substances

  • CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-alpha
  • Hnf1a protein, rat
  • Hnf1b protein, Xenopus
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Transcription Factors
  • Xenopus Proteins
  • hnf1a protein, Xenopus
  • Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1
  • Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-beta
  • DNA