[Socioecological determinants of the risk of accidents in young pedestrians]

Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique. 1991;39(4):345-51.
[Article in French]


We studied all traffic accidents to pedestrians under age 15 which occurred on the Island of Montreal during an eighteen months period. Data were collected from eleven hospitals and completed with accident police records. A spatial quadrat analysis, a Comparative Accident Index, and a comparative analysis of the means of different socio-ecological variables between high and low risk accident areas revealed interesting patterns. The location of traffic accidents is not random but rather presents a particular spatial structure. High risk zones are characterized by dense population, fast-moving traffic, and the absence of parks. Accidents often take place on two-way streets, far from traffic lights, on dry surfaces, in good weather, and with good visibility. The socio-economic status of the victim's family as measured by education, income, and unemployment, tends to be low. More boys than girls are victims. Children are often injured while getting out of a car or crossing unconventionally.

Publication types

  • English Abstract
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Accidents, Traffic / statistics & numerical data*
  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Data Interpretation, Statistical
  • Ecology*
  • Environment
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Prospective Studies
  • Quebec / epidemiology
  • Risk
  • Seasons
  • Time Factors
  • Urban Population