Anti-progestins suppress the growth of established tumors induced by 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene: comparison between RU486 and a new 21-substituted-19-nor-progestin

Oncol Rep. 2007 Jul;18(1):167-74.


In this report, we evaluate the effects of a 21-substituted-19-nor-progestin, CDB-4124, on 7,12,-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA)-induced mammary carcinogenesis in rats in comparison with RU486. Sprague-Dawley female rats were treated with DMBA at 50 days of age in order to induce mammary tumors. When the tumors reached the size of 10-12 mm, the animals were treated for 28 days with the vehicle, RU486, progesterone, CDB-4124 at various doses, or CDB-4124 plus progesterone. Anti-progestins resulted in the regression in the size of the existing tumors, and in the suppressed development of new tumors and tumor multiplicity. Progesterone treatment, however, increased the size and multiplicity. Progesterone rendered an increased number of growing tumors as compared to the regression in the anti-progesterone treatment groups. The combination of CDB-4124 and high doses of progesterone opposed the efficacy of CDB-4124. The growth inhibitory effects of the anti-progestins were correlated with increased apoptosis and reduced cell proliferation. These results indicate that anti-progestins should be developed for the chemoprevention and treatment of hormone-responsive breast cancer.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • 9,10-Dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene / toxicity*
  • Animals
  • Apoptosis / drug effects
  • Carcinogens / toxicity*
  • Cell Proliferation / drug effects
  • Disease Progression
  • Female
  • Hormone Antagonists / pharmacology*
  • Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental / chemically induced
  • Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental / drug therapy*
  • Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental / pathology
  • Mifepristone / pharmacology*
  • Norpregnadienes / chemistry
  • Norpregnadienes / pharmacology*
  • Progesterone Congeners
  • Progestins / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley


  • Carcinogens
  • Hormone Antagonists
  • Norpregnadienes
  • Progesterone Congeners
  • Progestins
  • telapristone acetate
  • Mifepristone
  • 9,10-Dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene