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. 2007 Oct;25(10):1291-8.
doi: 10.1002/jor.20426.

Repair of Large Osteochondral Defects With Allogeneic Cartilaginous Aggregates Formed From Bone Marrow-Derived Cells Using RWV Bioreactor

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Repair of Large Osteochondral Defects With Allogeneic Cartilaginous Aggregates Formed From Bone Marrow-Derived Cells Using RWV Bioreactor

Tomokazu Yoshioka et al. J Orthop Res. .
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Abstract

Our objective was to examine the technique of regenerating cartilage tissue from bone marrow-derived cells by three-dimensional (3D) culture using the rotating wall vessel (RWV) bioreactor. Three-dimensional and cylindrical aggregates of allogeneic cartilage with dimensions of 10 x 5 mm (height x diameter) formed by the RWV bioreactor were transplanted into osteochondral defects of Japanese white rabbits (Group T, n = 15). For the control, some osteochondral defects were left empty (Group C, n = 18). At 4, 8, and 12 weeks postimplantation, the reparative tissues were evaluated macroscopically, histologically, and biochemically. In Group T at as early as 4 weeks, histological observation, especially via safranin-O staining, suggested that the reparative tissues resembled hyaline cartilage. And we observed no fibrous tissues between reparative tissue and adjacent normal tissues. In the deeper portion of the bony compartment, the osseous tissues were well remodeled. At 4 and 8 weeks postimplantation, the mean histological score of Group T was significantly better than that of Group C (p < 0.05). The glycosaminoglycans (GAG)/DNA ratio in both groups increased gradually from 4 to 8 weeks and then decreased from 8 to 12 weeks. We herein report the first successful regeneration of cartilage in osteochondral defects in vivo using allogeneic cartilaginous aggregates derived from bone marrow-derived cells by 3D culture using the RWV bioreactor.

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