Sequencing of genomes from diverse organisms facilitates studies on the repertoire of genes involved in intercellular signaling. Extending previous efforts to annotate most human plasma membrane receptors in the Human Plasma Membrane Receptome database, we matched cognate ligands with individual receptors by surveying the published literature. In the updated online database we called "liganded receptome," users can search for individual ligands or receptors to reveal their pairing partners and browse through receptor or ligand families to identify relationships between ligands and receptors in their respective families. Because local signaling systems are prevalent in diverse normal and diseased tissues, we used the liganded receptome knowledgebase to interrogate DNA microarray datasets for genome-wide analyses of potential paracrine/autocrine signaling systems. In addition to viewing ligand-receptor coexpression based on precomputed DNA microarray data, users can submit their own microarray data to perform online genome-wide searches for putative paracrine/autocrine signaling systems. Investigation of transcriptome data based on liganded receptome allows the discovery of paracrine/autocrine signaling for known ligand-receptor pairs in previously uncharacterized tissues or developmental stages. The present annotation of ligand-receptor pairs also identifies orphan receptors and ligands without known interacting partners in select families. Because hormonal ligands within the same family usually interact with paralogous receptors, this genomic approach could also facilitate matching of orphan receptors and ligands. The liganded receptome is accessible at http://receptome.stanford.edu.