Correlates of acceptance of a hypothetical gonorrhea vaccine by incarcerated women

Sex Transm Dis. 2007 Oct;34(10):778-82. doi: 10.1097/OLQ.0b013e31804b465b.


Objectives: This study sought to identify correlates of acceptance of a hypothetical Neisseria gonorrhea (GC) vaccine in a high-risk sample of incarcerated women.

Goals: The goal of this study was to inform efforts to promote acceptance of STI vaccines in development.

Study design: This study consisted of a cross-sectional survey using a structured questionnaire.

Results: The majority (79%) of incarcerated women surveyed would accept GC vaccine. In multivariate analyses that controlled for demographics, significant health belief model psychosocial correlates of higher acceptance were perceived severity of infection (OR = 3.33) and vulnerability to infection (OR = 2.85). Fear of vaccination was significantly correlated with lower acceptance (OR = 0.42).

Conclusions: Incarcerated women's willingness to accept a hypothetical GC vaccine is explained by components of the health belief model and a component of the theory of reasoned action.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Bacterial Vaccines / administration & dosage*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Gonorrhea / microbiology
  • Gonorrhea / prevention & control*
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care / psychology*
  • Prisoners / psychology*
  • Sexual Behavior
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Vaccination / psychology*


  • Bacterial Vaccines