Economic evaluation and catheter-related bloodstream infections

Emerg Infect Dis. 2007 Jun;13(6):815-23. doi: 10.3201/eid1306.070048.


Catheter-related bloodstream infections are a serious problem. Many interventions reduce risk, and some have been evaluated in cost-effectiveness studies. We review the usefulness and quality of these economic studies. Evidence is incomplete, and data required to inform a coherent policy are missing. The cost-effectiveness studies are characterized by a lack of transparency, short time-horizons, and narrow economic perspectives. Data quality is low for some important model parameters. Authors of future economic evaluations should aim to model the complete policy and not just single interventions. They should be rigorous in developing the structure of the economic model, include all relevant economic outcomes, use a systematic approach for selecting data sources for model parameters, and propagate the effect of uncertainty in model parameters on conclusions. This will inform future data collection and improve our understanding of the economics of preventing these infections.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bacteremia / economics*
  • Bacteremia / prevention & control
  • Catheters, Indwelling / adverse effects*
  • Catheters, Indwelling / economics
  • Costs and Cost Analysis
  • Cross Infection / economics*
  • Cross Infection / prevention & control
  • Humans
  • Infection Control / economics