Activity and inhibition resistance of a phospholipase-resistant synthetic surfactant in rat lungs

Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2007 Oct;37(4):387-94. doi: 10.1165/rcmb.2006-0434OC. Epub 2007 Jun 7.


This study investigates the activity and inhibition resistance in excised rat lungs of a novel synthetic surfactant containing the phospholipase-resistant diether phosphonolipid DEPN-8 plus 1.5% bovine surfactant protein (SP)-B/C compared to calf lung surfactant extract (CLSE). DEPN-8 + 1.5% SP-B/C surpassed CLSE in normalizing surfactant-deficient pressure-volume (P-V) deflation mechanics in lavaged excised lungs in the presence of phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) or C18:1 lyso-phosphatidylcholine (LPC). DEPN-8 + 1.5% SP-B/C had activity equal to CLSE in normalizing P-V mechanics in the absence of inhibitors or in the presence of serum albumin. These physiologic activity findings were directly consistent with surface activity measurements on the pulsating bubble surfactometer. In the absence of inhibitors, DEPN-8 + 1.5% SP-B/C and CLSE rapidly reached minimum surface tensions < 1 mN/m (0.5 and 2.5 mg surfactant phospholipid/ml). DEPN-8 + 1.5% SP-B/C maintained its high surface activity in the presence of PLA(2), while the surface activity of CLSE was significantly inhibited by exposure to this enzyme. DEPN-8 + 1.5% SP-B/C also had greater surface activity than CLSE in the presence of LPC, and the two surfactants had equivalent surface activity in the presence of albumin. DEPN-8 + 1.5% SP-B/C also had slightly greater surface activity than CLSE when exposed to peroxynitrite in pulsating bubble studies. These results support the potential of developing highly active and inhibition-resistant synthetic exogenous surfactants containing DEPN-8 + apoprotein/peptide constituents for use in treating direct pulmonary forms of clinical acute lung injury (ALI) and the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • 1,2-Dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine / analogs & derivatives*
  • 1,2-Dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Cattle
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Lung / drug effects*
  • Male
  • Phospholipases / metabolism*
  • Pressure
  • Pulmonary Surfactant-Associated Protein B / metabolism
  • Pulmonary Surfactant-Associated Protein C / metabolism
  • Pulmonary Surfactants / pharmacology*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Serum Albumin, Bovine / pharmacology
  • Surface Tension / drug effects
  • Tissue Extracts / pharmacology


  • DEPN 8
  • Pulmonary Surfactant-Associated Protein B
  • Pulmonary Surfactant-Associated Protein C
  • Pulmonary Surfactants
  • Tissue Extracts
  • 1,2-Dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine
  • Serum Albumin, Bovine
  • Phospholipases