Core components of cardiac rehabilitation/secondary prevention programs: 2007 update: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Exercise, Cardiac Rehabilitation, and Prevention Committee, the Council on Clinical Cardiology; the Councils on Cardiovascular Nursing, Epidemiology and Prevention, and Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism; and the American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation

J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev. 2007 May-Jun;27(3):121-9. doi: 10.1097/01.HCR.0000270696.01635.aa.


The American Heart Association and the American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation recognize that all cardiac rehabilitation/secondary prevention programs should contain specific core components that aim to optimize cardiovascular risk reduction, foster healthy behaviors and compliance to these behaviors, reduce disability, and promote an active lifestyle for patients with cardiovascular disease. This update to the previous statement presents current information on the evaluation, interventions, and expected outcomes in each of the core components of cardiac rehabilitation/secondary prevention programs, in agreement with the 2006 update of the American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology Secondary Prevention Guidelines, including baseline patient assessment, nutritional counseling, risk factor management (lipids, blood pressure, weight, diabetes mellitus, and smoking), psychosocial interventions, and physical activity counseling and exercise training.

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Cardiology / methods*
  • Cardiology / standards
  • Counseling
  • Diabetes Mellitus / therapy
  • Exercise
  • Heart Diseases / psychology
  • Heart Diseases / rehabilitation*
  • Humans
  • Hyperlipidemias / therapy
  • Hypertension / therapy
  • Motor Activity
  • Preventive Medicine / methods*
  • Smoking Cessation