Resilience is an important personality feature that is thought to be protective against the development of psychiatric disorder. However, it appears not to have been previously examined directly in relation to suicidal behavior. Therefore, with the recent development of a resilience scale, the purpose of this preliminary study was to examine resilience in relation to attempting suicide. In order to do this 100 abstinent substance dependent patients were interviewed about whether or not they had ever attempted suicide and completed the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale. The results showed that patients who had attempted suicide (N=41) had significantly lower resilience scale scores than patients who had never attempted suicide (N=59). This suggests the possibility that low resilience may be a risk factor for suicidal behavior. Longitudinal studies among suicide attempters, including measures of depression, may further evaluate the possible relevance of resilience to suicidal behavior.