Differential amplification of adenovirus vectors by flanking the packaging signal with attB/attP-PhiC31 sequences: implications for helper-dependent adenovirus production

Virology. 2007 Oct 10;367(1):51-8. doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2007.05.014. Epub 2007 Jun 8.


Current strategies to amplify helper-dependent adenovirus, based on excision of the packaging signal, do not routinely reduce helper adenovirus contamination below 1%. Here, we have tested if reducing the efficiency of the packaging process of the helper adenovirus could impair its packaging without affecting helper-dependent adenovirus production. Interestingly, insertion of attB/attP-PhiC31 sequences flanking the packaging signal significantly lengthens adenovirus cycle up to 60 h without reducing virus viability or production yield. This delay occurs in the absence of PhiC31 recombinase indicating that other mechanisms different from excision of packaging signal must be involved. In addition, at 36 h post-coinfection helper-dependent adenovirus are efficiently produced, while production levels of helper attB/attP-modified adenovirus are 100-1000 times lower than controls. Therefore, these results suggest that attB/attP-mediated packaging impairment of the adenovirus genome is an attractive strategy to significantly reduce helper adenovirus contamination in helper-dependent adenovirus preparations, which in turn would facilitate scaling-up processes for clinical grade preparations.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenoviruses, Human / genetics
  • Adenoviruses, Human / metabolism*
  • Adenoviruses, Human / pathogenicity
  • Attachment Sites, Microbiological / genetics*
  • Cell Line
  • DNA, Viral / metabolism
  • Genetic Vectors / genetics*
  • Helper Viruses / genetics*
  • Helper Viruses / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Protein Sorting Signals / genetics*
  • Recombinases / genetics*
  • Virus Assembly*


  • DNA, Viral
  • Protein Sorting Signals
  • Recombinases