History of the development of sleep medicine in the United States

J Clin Sleep Med. 2005 Jan 15;1(1):61-82.


Sleep Medicine has only recently been recognized as a specialty of medicine. Its development is based on an increasing amount of knowledge concerning the physiology of sleep, circadian biology and the pathophysiology of sleep disorders. This review chronicles the major advances in sleep science over the past 70 years and the development of the primary organizations responsible for the emergence of Sleep Medicine as a specialty, sleep disorders as a public health concern and sleep science as an important area of research.

Publication types

  • Historical Article

MeSH terms

  • Chronobiology Disorders / diagnosis
  • Dopamine / metabolism
  • Education
  • History of Medicine*
  • History, 20th Century
  • History, 21st Century
  • Humans
  • Iron Deficiencies
  • Licensure
  • Polysomnography / methods
  • REM Sleep Behavior Disorder / diagnosis
  • REM Sleep Behavior Disorder / metabolism
  • REM Sleep Behavior Disorder / physiopathology
  • Restless Legs Syndrome / diagnosis
  • Restless Legs Syndrome / metabolism
  • Restless Legs Syndrome / physiopathology
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / history*
  • Sleep*
  • Specialization*
  • United States


  • Dopamine