Inspiratory muscle training: integrative review of use in conditions other than COPD

Res Theory Nurs Pract. 2007;21(2):98-118. doi: 10.1891/088971807780852039.


Inspiratory muscle training (IM training) is a technique that is designed to improve the performance of the respiratory muscles (RMs) that may be impaired in a variety of conditions. Interest in IM training has expanded over the past two decades, and IM training has been used in an increasingly wide range of clinical conditions. However, the benefits of IM training continue to be debated, primarily because of methodological limitations of studies conducted to date. The focus of this article is to provide a critical review of IM training research in conditions other than chronic obstructive pulmonary disease for which it has been used, including asthma, bronchiectasis, cystic fibrosis, pre- and postsurgery, ventilator weaning, neuromuscular diseases, and chronic heart failure. Emphasis is placed on what has been learned, remaining questions, future applications, and significance to practice.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Airway Resistance
  • Asthma / complications
  • Breathing Exercises
  • Bronchiectasis / complications
  • Coronary Artery Bypass / adverse effects
  • Cystic Fibrosis / complications
  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • Heart Failure / complications
  • Humans
  • Inhalation*
  • Neuromuscular Diseases / complications
  • Patient Education as Topic / methods*
  • Patient Selection*
  • Perioperative Care
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / complications
  • Quadriplegia / complications
  • Research Design
  • Respiratory Insufficiency / etiology
  • Respiratory Insufficiency / rehabilitation*
  • Respiratory Muscles*
  • Respiratory Therapy / methods*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Ventilator Weaning