Signal Integration in the Endoplasmic Reticulum Unfolded Protein Response

Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2007 Jul;8(7):519-29. doi: 10.1038/nrm2199.

Abstract

The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) responds to the accumulation of unfolded proteins in its lumen (ER stress) by activating intracellular signal transduction pathways - cumulatively called the unfolded protein response (UPR). Together, at least three mechanistically distinct arms of the UPR regulate the expression of numerous genes that function within the secretory pathway but also affect broad aspects of cell fate and the metabolism of proteins, amino acids and lipids. The arms of the UPR are integrated to provide a response that remodels the secretory apparatus and aligns cellular physiology to the demands imposed by ER stress.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum / chemistry
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum / metabolism*
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Humans
  • Models, Biological
  • Oxidative Stress / physiology
  • Protein Folding*
  • Signal Transduction*