Gene \Narcotic Attenuation Program attenuates substance use disorder, a clinical subtype of reward deficiency syndrome

Adv Ther. 2007 Mar-Apr;24(2):402-14. doi: 10.1007/BF02849910.


This study evaluated the effects of a putative activator of brain reward circuitry on outcomes in a 1-y prospective comprehensive outpatient clinical program. As part of the Gene Narcotic Attenuation Program, Haveos (Synaptamine)(TM) was administered for the treatment of substance use disorder. Seventy-six patients (45 males and 31 females; mean age, 33 y [standard deviation, 7.0]) who had been given a diagnosis of serious substance use disorder were recruited. After exclusion of 15 patients who dropped out before the end of the study, self-reported craving decreased from program entrance to 12 wk (visual analog scale whereby 0 represents no craving and 5, the strongest craving) for 61 compliant patients (mean decrease, 2.85, 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.65, 3.05); this improvement was significant (P<.001). Building up to relapse scores (each of 5 individual items and summary value) showed similar improvement after 1 y of treatment; the mean decrease in scores was significant for stress (t=3.3; P=.002), depression (t=4.0; P<.001), anger (t=4.4; P<.001), anxiety (t=4.5, P<.001), drug craving (t=5.4, P<.001), and summary building up to relapse (t=4.1; P<.001). Also, recovery score measures of energy level (t=8.4; P<.001) and ability to refrain from drug-seeking behavior (t=7.4; P<.001) showed significant mean increases from entry to 1 y. During the study, the alcoholic dropout rate was only 7% (4 of 57), which was significantly (Fisher's exact test, P<.001) lower than the 73% (11 of 15) dropout rate reported for psychostimulant users. Although these results are significant, any interpretation must await the performance of rigorous double-blind studies.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Behavior Therapy
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Prospective Studies
  • Recurrence
  • Reward*
  • Substance-Related Disorders / psychology*
  • Substance-Related Disorders / therapy*
  • Syndrome