Taste solution preferences of C57BL/6J and 129X1/SvJ mice: influence of age, sex, and diet

Chem Senses. 2007 Sep;32(7):655-71. doi: 10.1093/chemse/bjm034. Epub 2007 Jun 12.

Abstract

To examine whether age influences taste solution preferences, we measured taste preferences of C57BL/6J and 129X1/SvJ mice given a series of 48-h 2-bottle tests with a choice between water and one of the following taste solutions: 2 mM saccharin, 5 mM citric acid, 30 microM quinine hydrochloride, 75 mM sodium chloride (NaCl), 10 mM inosine monophosphate (IMP), 50 mM calcium chloride (CaCl(2)), and 10% ethanol. We tested separate groups of male mice fed Teklad 8604 chow at ages 4, 6, 9, 12, 15, 20, 25, 30, 40, and 50 weeks and retested some of these mice at 54, 75, and 100 weeks and again at 125 weeks. Female mice fed chow were tested at ages 4, 12, 25, and 50 weeks and retested at 54, 75, 100, and 125 weeks. Male mice fed AIN-93G semisynthetic diet were tested at ages 4, 12, 25, and 50 weeks and retested at 54, 75, and 100 weeks. Concentration-response functions for each taste solution were collected from male and female mice fed chow aged 8 or 125 weeks. In general, the results showed that age had little effect on taste preferences. Exceptions included 1) a small increase in quinine hydrochloride preference between 54 and 125 weeks in mice of both strains and sexes, 2) a marked increase in NaCl preference between 4 and 12 weeks in female B6 mice, 3) a gradual decrease in IMP preference between 4 and 125 weeks in male and female 129 mice, 4) a marked decrease in CaCl(2) preference between 54 and 125 weeks in male and female 129 mice, and 5) a marked reduction in ethanol preference between 4 and 12 weeks in male B6 mice fed AIN-93G diet but not chow. These results show that over a wide range and with the exceptions noted, age contributes little to the variation in taste preferences observed in C57BL/6J and 129X1/SvJ mice.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Animals
  • Body Weight / drug effects
  • Body Weight / physiology
  • Calcium Chloride / administration & dosage
  • Citric Acid / administration & dosage
  • Diet
  • Drinking / drug effects
  • Drinking / physiology
  • Drinking Behavior / physiology*
  • Eating / drug effects
  • Eating / physiology
  • Ethanol
  • Female
  • Food Preferences / physiology*
  • Inosine Monophosphate
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Inbred Strains
  • Quinine / administration & dosage
  • Saccharin / administration & dosage
  • Sex Factors
  • Sodium Chloride / administration & dosage
  • Survival Analysis
  • Taste / physiology*

Substances

  • Inosine Monophosphate
  • Citric Acid
  • Ethanol
  • Sodium Chloride
  • Quinine
  • Saccharin
  • Calcium Chloride