Trunk posture affects upper extremity function of adults

Percept Mot Skills. 2007 Apr;104(2):371-80. doi: 10.2466/pms.104.2.371-380.


This study examined the effects of various seated trunk postures on upper extremity function. 59 adults were tested using the Jebsen Taylor Hand Function Test while in three different trunk postures. Significant mean differences between the neutral versus the flexed and laterally flexed trunk postures were noted during selected tasks. Specifically, dominant hand performance during the tasks of feeding and lifting heavy cans was significantly slower while the trunk was flexed and laterally flexed than when performed in the neutral trunk position. Performance of the nondomi nant hand during the tasks of picking up small objects, page turning, as well as the total score was slower while the trunk was flexed compared to performance in the neutral trunk position. These findings support the assumption that neutral trunk posture improves upper extremity performance during daily activities although the effect is not consistent across tasks. Findings are discussed along with limitations and recommendations for research.

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living / psychology
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Functional Laterality
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Postural Balance*
  • Posture*
  • Psychomotor Performance*