Pediatric patient safety in the prehospital/emergency department setting

Pediatr Emerg Care. 2007 Jun;23(6):412-8. doi: 10.1097/01.pec.0000278393.32752.9f.


The unique characteristics of the pediatric population expose them to errors in the emergency department (ED) with few standard practices for the safety of care. Young children and high-acuity patients are at increased risk of adverse events both in the prehospital and ED settings. We provide an overview of the problems and possible solutions to the threats to pediatric patient safety in the ED. Endorsing a culture of safety and training to work in a team are discussed. Medication errors can be reduced by using organizational systems, and manufacturing and regulatory systems, by educating health care providers, and by providing caregivers tools to monitor prescribing. The consensus is that a safe environment with a high quality of care will reduce morbidity and mortality in ED pediatric patients.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Documentation / methods
  • Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions
  • Emergency Medical Services / organization & administration*
  • Health Facility Environment
  • Humans
  • Medical Errors / prevention & control
  • Organizational Culture
  • Patient Care Team / organization & administration
  • Pediatrics / organization & administration*
  • Risk Factors
  • Safety Management / methods*
  • United States