Aims: Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), NT-proBNP and troponins are useful for the assessment of patients with heart failure. Few data exist about their serial changes and their prognostic value in patients with acute heart failure (AHF).
Methods and results: NT-proBNP and troponin-T plasma levels were measured at baseline, after 6, 12, 24, 48 h and at discharge in 116 consecutive patients with AHF and no evidence of acute coronary syndrome. NT-proBNP levels were 4421 pg/mL at baseline, declined after 24 h and reached their nadir at 48 h (2703 pg/mL). Troponin-T was detectable in 48% of patients. During a median follow-up of 184 days, 52 patients died or had a non-fatal cardiovascular hospitalisation. At a multivariable analysis including clinical and echo-Doppler variables, NT-proBNP plasma levels at discharge, detectable troponin-T plasma levels, and NYHA class at discharge were the only independent prognostic factors.
Conclusion: In patients with AHF, NT-proBNP levels decline 24 h after the initiation of intravenous therapy and troponin-T is detectable in 48% of cases. NT-proBNP levels at discharge, detectable troponin-T levels, NYHA class and serum sodium have independent prognostic value.