Optical coherence tomography use in evaluation of the vitreoretinal interface: a review

Surv Ophthalmol. 2007 Jul-Aug;52(4):397-421. doi: 10.1016/j.survophthal.2007.04.007.


Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a valuable tool for assessment of the vitreoretinal interface. This article reviews the normal process of age-related posterior vitreous detachment as viewed by OCT. Abnormalities of the vitreoretinal interface as imaged by OCT are described including vitreomacular traction syndrome, cystoid macular edema/ diabetic macular edema, epiretinal membranes, full thickness macular holes, lamellar holes, pseudoholes, microholes, and schisis from myopia or optic pits/colobomas. This tool has given us new insights into the pathogenesis of these retinal abnormalities.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Humans
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Retina / pathology*
  • Retinal Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Tomography, Optical Coherence*
  • Vitreous Body / pathology*