RACK1 regulates Src activity and modulates paxillin dynamics during cell migration

Exp Cell Res. 2007 Jul 15;313(12):2667-79. doi: 10.1016/j.yexcr.2007.05.013. Epub 2007 May 18.

Abstract

Receptor for Activated C Kinase, RACK1, is an adaptor protein that regulates signaling via Src and PKC-dependent pathways, and has been implicated in cell migration. In this study we demonstrate novel functions for RACK1 in regulating adhesion dynamics during cell migration. We report that cells lacking RACK1 are less motile and show reduced dynamics of paxillin and talin at focal complexes. To investigate the role of the RACK1/Src interactions in adhesion dynamics, we used RACK1 in which the putative Src binding site has been mutated (RACK Y246F). RACK1-deficient cells showed enhanced c-Src activity that was rescued by expression of wild type RACK1, but not by RACK Y246F. Expression of wild type RACK1, but not RACK Y246F, was also able to rescue the adhesion and migration defects observed in the RACK1-deficient cells. Furthermore, our findings indicate that RACK1 functions to regulate paxillin phosphorylation and that its effects on paxillin dynamics require the Src-mediated phosphorylation of tyrosine 31/118 on paxillin. Taken together, these findings support a novel role for RACK1 as a key regulator of cell migration and adhesion dynamics through the regulation of Src activity, and the modulation of paxillin phosphorylation at early adhesions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cell Line
  • Cell Movement*
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Focal Adhesions / metabolism
  • GTP-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism*
  • Paxillin / metabolism*
  • Phosphorylation
  • Phosphotyrosine / metabolism
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins pp60(c-src) / metabolism*
  • Receptors for Activated C Kinase
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / metabolism*

Substances

  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Paxillin
  • RACK1 protein, human
  • Receptors for Activated C Kinase
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Phosphotyrosine
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins pp60(c-src)
  • GTP-Binding Proteins