The effect of a voiced lip trill on estimated glottal closed quotient

J Voice. 2008 Nov;22(6):634-43. doi: 10.1016/j.jvoice.2007.03.012. Epub 2007 Jun 15.


The use of lip trills has been advocated for both vocal habilitation and rehabilitation. A voiced lip trill requires continuous vibration of the lips while simultaneously maintaining phonation. The mechanism of any effects of a lip trill on vocal fold vibration is still unknown. While other techniques that either constrict or artificially lengthen the vocal tract have been investigated, no studies thus far have systematically examined the effect of lip trills on vocal fold vibration. Classically trained singers and vocally untrained participants produced a lip trill for approximately 1 minute, and vocal fold closed quotient (CQ) was calculated both during the lip trill and on a sustained spoken vowel before and after the trill. Data are reported for both a group design and a single-subject design. Most participants showed a tendency for a reduction in CQ during the lip trill, with a more pronounced change in the untrained participants.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Glottis / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Lip / physiology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Vibration
  • Voice / physiology*
  • Young Adult