Effect of repeated administration of a neuropsychological battery in the elderly

J Clin Psychol. 1991 Nov;47(6):790-801. doi: 10.1002/1097-4679(199111)47:6<790::aid-jclp2270470610>3.0.co;2-c.


Our study explored the magnitude of practice effect in repeated administration of NP measures that tap different cognitive domains in normal elderly subjects (N = 122) between ages 57 and 85, who were evaluated over three annual testing probes. Results revealed that WAIS-R PIQ, serial recall of words, WMS visual memory, and memory for logical passages (immediate and delayed) are likely to improve on the retest due to practice effect in individuals below age 75, whereas test-retest changes in older people show a different pattern. Implications of age-specific changes on retest for differential diagnosis of dementia in clinical practice were considered.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Dementia / diagnosis*
  • Dementia / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neuropsychological Tests / statistics & numerical data*
  • Practice, Psychological*
  • Psychometrics
  • Reference Values
  • Wechsler Scales / statistics & numerical data