Using restriction analysis of noncoding rDNA regions, multiplex PCR, and molecular karyotyping, we have examined Saccharomyces strains isolated from red berry wine materials in Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine. According to the molecular analysis, all strains belong to the species S. cerevisiae. A correlation was revealed between microsatellite fingerprints of the strains and the source of their isolation. The strains isolated from juices and from the surface of different berries showed distinct PCR profiles. The genome compositions of interspecific Saccharomyces hybrids of natural and laboratory origin were studied.