The composition of zymogen granules from rat pancreas was determined by LC-MS/MS. Enriched intragranular content, peripheral membrane, and integral membrane protein fractions were analyzed after one-dimensional SDS-PAGE and tryptic digestion of gel slices. A total of 371 proteins was identified with high confidence, including 84 previously identified granule proteins. The 287 remaining proteins included 37 GTP-binding proteins and effectors, 8 tetraspan membrane proteins, and 22 channels and transporters. Seven proteins, pantophysin, cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase, carboxypeptidase D, ecto-nucleotide phosphodiesterase 3, aminopeptidase N, ral, and the potassium channel TWIK-2, were confirmed by immunofluorescence microscopy or by immunoblotting to be new zymogen granule membrane proteins.