Nocardiosis: a case series and a mini review of clinical and microbiological features

Neth J Med. 2007 Jun;65(6):199-202.


Infections caused by Nocardia species are uncommon and have a wide variety of clinical manifestations in immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients. The diagnosis of nocardiosis can easily be missed because there are no characteristic symptoms. We present one case of a Nocardia infection in detail and give a brief description of eight other cases, including a relatively unique type of Nocardia veterana, diagnosed in our hospital during a five-year period. The diversity of clinical manifestations, microbiological identification and general principles of treatment of nocardiosis are reviewed.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Anti-Infective Agents / administration & dosage
  • Anti-Infective Agents / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Leg / microbiology
  • Leg / physiopathology
  • Male
  • Muscle Weakness / immunology
  • Muscle Weakness / microbiology
  • Nocardia / isolation & purification*
  • Nocardia Infections / diagnosis*
  • Nocardia Infections / drug therapy
  • Nocardia Infections / immunology
  • Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole Drug Combination / administration & dosage
  • Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole Drug Combination / therapeutic use


  • Anti-Infective Agents
  • Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole Drug Combination