Acute rheumatic fever in Kuwait: The declining incidence

Ann Saudi Med. 1993 Jan;13(1):56-9. doi: 10.5144/0256-4947.1993.56.


The incidence of acute rheumatic fever in children aged 5-14 years in Kuwait was studied prospectively over a period of five years (1984 through 1988). The mean annual incidence in the study period was 2.9/100,000 children. There was a decline in the incidence from 3.7/100,000 in 1984 to 2.5/100,000 in 1988. Twenty-seven percent of children with acute rheumatic fever presented as recurrences in 1985; this also declined to 11% in 1988.