The patterns of smoking in Jordan were determined in a sample of 3489 subjects representing various strata of society. The sample included 2103 students and 1386 nonstudents. In the nonstudent population, 58.5% of the male and 27.4% of the female subjects were smokers; overall, 96% smoked manufactures cigarettes. Males smoked an average of 25 cigarettes per day, and females an average of 16 cigarettes per day. Males had smoked for an average of 16 years and females an average of 13.4 years. Smoking was highest among skilled and non-skilled workers and illiterate persons. Among students, smoking was higher in males at the university (52.9%) and college (54.3%) level; 16.7% of high school males smoked. In female students at the university or college level, 20.3% and 9.1% smoked, respectively. In female of high school females smoked. Manufactured cigarettes were used by 99.3% of the students. Male students smoked a mean of 15.5 cigarettes per day for an average of 6.4 years. Female students smoked a mean of 9.6 cigarettes per day for an average of 6.2 years. Based on our findings, it is apparent that a rigorous antismoking campaign is needed.