Objectives: Hyperhomocysteinemia is a risk factor for ischemic stroke. Hypothyroidism may cause hyperhomocysteinemia. To date, no works have examined the association between hypothyroidism and hyperhomocysteinemia in ischemic stroke. We aimed to investigate the roles of hypothyroidism and hyperhomocysteinemia in ischemic stroke, and whether any relationship exists between hypothyroidism and hyperhomocysteinemia in ischemic stroke patients.
Methods: The study included 249 ischemic stroke patients and 102 patients with no history of stroke. Patients were evaluated for conventional risk factors and levels of homocysteine, thyroid-stimulating hormone, vitamin B12 and folic acid.
Results: Ten (4%) patients in the ischemic stroke group had subclinical hypothyroidism. We did not find any overt or subclinical hypothyroidism in the control group. Hypothyroidism was higher to a statistically significant degree in the ischemic stroke group (p<0.05). Both hyperhomocysteinemia and hypothyroidism were associated with ischemic stroke patients. However, no association was found between hyperhomocysteinemia and hypothyroidism. Ischemic stroke patients with hypothyroidism had lower levels of HDL cholesterol and levels of total cholesterol/HDL-C and LDL-C/HDL-C were higher than those of ischemic stroke patients without hypothyroidism.
Discussion: Hypothyroidism is associated with ischemic stroke. Low HDL cholesterol, high total cholesterol/HDL-C and high LDL-C/HDL-C were associated in ischemic stroke patients with hypothyroidism. Hyperhomocysteinemia was not found to be associated with ischemic stroke patients with hypothyroidism.