Kidney disease management in UK primary care: guidelines, incentives and information technology

Fam Pract. 2007 Sep;24(4):330-5. doi: 10.1093/fampra/cmm026. Epub 2007 Jun 24.


The last few years have seen new developments to understand and tackle the significant public health issue posed by chronic kidney disease (CKD). Established renal disease currently consumes 2% of the UK National Health Service budget and predictions are that this figure will increase significantly due to the rising number of people requiring renal replacement therapy fuelled by the ageing population and the diabetes mellitus epidemic. This paper reviews the scale of CKD and discusses the new developments such as staging, referral guidelines and new Department of Health incentives brought about to improve awareness. The importance of Information Technology in assisting the management of renal disease is also outlined. We identify various types of intervention which might be used to do this: feedback in an educational context, the establishment of computerized decision support and enhancement of the patient journey. Many principles may be extended to the management of any chronic disease. While new developments are necessary to improve care, wider implementation is required to be able to see if improved outcomes are achieved.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Awareness
  • Decision Support Systems, Clinical*
  • Disease Management
  • Humans
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / classification
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / diagnosis
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / therapy*
  • Middle Aged
  • Motivation*
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Primary Health Care*
  • Referral and Consultation
  • State Medicine
  • United Kingdom