Presence and species identification of the gapeworm Mammomonogamus laryngeus (Railliet, 1899) (Syngamidae: Nematoda) in a semi-wild population of Sumatran orangutan (Pongo abelii) in Indonesia

Res Vet Sci. 2008 Apr;84(2):232-6. doi: 10.1016/j.rvsc.2007.04.021. Epub 2007 Jun 26.


One adult syngamid nematode parasite couple was found during routine clinical observation in quarantine at the former Bohorok Rehabilitation Station from sputum of Pongo abelli and determined as Mammomonogamus laryngeus [Railliet, A., 1899. Syngame laryngieu du boeuf. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances et Mémoires de la Société de Biologie 11, 18-21]. This finding confirmed previous record of ova and adult syngamid nematodes, determined by Collet et al. [Collet, J.-Z., Galdikas, B.M.F., Sugarjito, J., Jojosudharmo, S., 1986. A coprological study of parasitism in orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus) in Indonesia. Journal of Medical Primatology 15, 121-129] as Mammomonogamus sp. only, in orangutans kept in the Bohorok Orangutan Rehabilitation Centre (Northern Sumatra, Indonesia) and presented a serious health hazard to rehabilitants in this locality. Morphometrical features and the first description of the parasite from orang-utan were presented and documented. Coprological monitoring of infection in rehabilitants in this area as well as among the wild population of orangutan is necessary.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Ape Diseases / epidemiology
  • Ape Diseases / parasitology*
  • Indonesia / epidemiology
  • Nematoda / anatomy & histology
  • Nematoda / classification
  • Nematoda / isolation & purification*
  • Nematode Infections / epidemiology
  • Nematode Infections / parasitology
  • Nematode Infections / veterinary*
  • Pongo pygmaeus / parasitology*