Interference resolution: insights from a meta-analysis of neuroimaging tasks

Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci. 2007 Mar;7(1):1-17. doi: 10.3758/cabn.7.1.1.


A quantitative meta-analysis was performed on 47 neuroimaging studies involving tasks purported to require the resolution of interference. The tasks included the Stroop, flanker, go/no-go, stimulus-response compatibility, Simon, and stop signal tasks. Peak density-based analyses of these combined tasks reveal that the anterior cingulate cortex, dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, inferior frontal gyrus, posterior parietal cortex, and anterior insula may be important sites for the detection and/or resolution of interference. Individual task analyses reveal differential patterns of activation among the tasks. We propose that the drawing of distinctions among the processing stages at which interference may be resolved may explain regional activation differences. Our analyses suggest that resolution processes acting upon stimulus encoding, response selection, and response execution may recruit different neural regions.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Attention / physiology*
  • Brain Mapping / methods*
  • Cerebral Cortex / physiology*
  • Cortical Synchronization
  • Discrimination, Psychological / physiology
  • Field Dependence-Independence*
  • Humans
  • Neural Inhibition / physiology
  • Perceptual Masking / physiology*