Lack of effects between rupatadine 10 mg and placebo on actual driving performance of healthy volunteers

Hum Psychopharmacol. 2007 Jul;22(5):289-97. doi: 10.1002/hup.856.


Introduction: Rupatadine fumarate is a potent, selective, histamine H(1)-receptor antagonist and PAF inhibitor with demonstrated efficacy for the relief of allergic rhinitis. Rupatadine does not easily cross the blood-brain barrier and is believed to be non-sedating at therapeutic doses. Consequently, rupatadine should show no impairment on car driving.

Objective: This study compared the acute effects of rupatadine, relative to placebo and hydroxyzine (as an active control), on healthy subjects' driving performance.

Methods: Twenty subjects received a single dose of rupatadine 10 mg, hydroxyzine 50 mg, or placebo in each period of this randomized, double-blind, three-way crossover study. Two hours postdosing, subjects operated a specially instrumented vehicle in tests designed to measure their driving ability. Before and after the driving tests ratings of sedation were recorded.

Results: There was no significant difference between rupatadine and placebo in the primary outcome variable: standard deviation of lateral position (SDLP); however, hydroxyzine treatment significantly increased SDLP (p < 0.001 for both comparisons). Objective (Stanford sleepiness scale) and subjective sedation ratings (Visual Analogue Scales) showed similar results: subjects reported negative effects after hydroxyzine but not after rupatadine.

Conclusion: Rupatadine 10 mg is not sedating and does not impair driving performance.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Automobile Driving*
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Cyproheptadine / adverse effects
  • Cyproheptadine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Histamine H1 Antagonists / adverse effects*
  • Humans
  • Hydroxyzine / adverse effects
  • Male
  • Middle Aged


  • Histamine H1 Antagonists
  • rupatadine
  • Cyproheptadine
  • Hydroxyzine