Interferon Gamma (IFN-gamma) Inducible Lysosomal Thiol reductase (GILT) has been described as a key enzyme in processing and presentation of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II restricted antigen (Ag) by catalyzing disulfide bond (S-S) reduction in mammals. Abalone GILT-like (AbGILT) full-length cDNA was isolated from the normalized disk abalone cDNA library. The 807-bp AbGILT cDNA consists of an open reading frame of 684-bp, encoding 228 amino acid residues. The predicted AbGILT protein has a molecular weight of 25kDa and an isoelectric point of 7.8. The N-terminus of the AbGILT was found to have a putative signal peptide with a cleavage site amino acid position at 19-20. AbGILT contains two active site C-XX-C motifs, ((23)CLDC(26) and (46)CPYC(49)) which motif is highly conserved in GILT protein family. AbGILT exhibited a characteristic GILT signature sequence (92)CQHGX(2)ECX(2)NX(4)C(107) and 12 cysteine residues representing 5% in the mature peptide. Phylogenetic analysis showed that AbGILT has been derived from a common ancestor with other GILT proteins. RT-PCR results showed that AbGILT expression was up-regulated in the gill, mantle and digestive tract 24h post injection of phytohemagglutinin (PHA) while Vibrio alginolyticus up-regulation appeared in the gill and digestive tract after 48h. In contrast, AbGILT expression was not up-regulated by poly inosinic-cytidylic acid (poly I:C) during the 48h induction. However, AbGILT was constitutively expressed in gill, mantle, and digestive tract tissues suggesting that it may maintain first line of innate immune defense at basal level in disk abalone.