Use of tobacco cessation treatments among young adult smokers: 2005 National Health Interview Survey

Am J Public Health. 2007 Aug;97(8):1464-9. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2006.103788. Epub 2007 Jun 28.


Objectives: We compared use of smoking cessation treatments and factors associated with treatment use among young adult smokers and other adult smokers.

Methods: We used data from the 2005 National Health Interview Survey core and cancer control supplement. The sample consisted of 6511 current smokers, of whom 759 were aged 18-24 years. Our analyses were weighted to account for differential sampling probabilities and nonresponse rates. We compared continuous measures using the t test; logistic regression was used to obtain odds ratios and confidence intervals. Multiple logistic regression was used to identify correlates of treatment use.

Results: Behavioral treatment use was infrequent among all smokers (4%-5%). Young adult smokers were less likely than other smokers to use pharmacotherapy (18% vs 32%). Correlates of pharmacotherapy use for young adult smokers were receiving advice from a health care provider, heavier smoking, and higher educational attainment. Compared with other smokers, young adult smokers were less likely to have received advice to quit from a health care provider (49% vs 60%).

Conclusions: Evidence-based tobacco cessation treatments are underused by young adult smokers.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Insurance Coverage
  • Insurance, Health
  • Life Style
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care* / ethnology
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care* / psychology
  • Smoking Cessation* / economics
  • Smoking Cessation* / ethnology
  • Smoking Cessation* / methods
  • Smoking Cessation* / psychology
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • United States