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Comparative Study
, 97 (8), 1503-9

Factors Associated With Successful Smoking Cessation in the United States, 2000

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Comparative Study

Factors Associated With Successful Smoking Cessation in the United States, 2000

Chung-won Lee et al. Am J Public Health.

Abstract

Objectives: Each year, nearly 2 in 5 cigarette smokers try to quit, but fewer than 10% succeed. Taking a multifaceted approach to examine the predictors of successfully quitting smoking, we identified factors associated with successful quitting so that cessation programs could be tailored to those at highest risk for relapse.

Methods: Using data from the 2000 National Health Interview Survey, we employed multiple regression analysis to compare demographic, behavioral, and environmental characteristics of current smokers who tried unsuccessfully to quit in the previous 12 months with characteristics of those able to quit for at least 7 to 24 months before the survey.

Results: Successful quitters were more likely than those unable to quit to have rules against smoking in their homes, less likely to have switched to light cigarettes for health concerns, and more likely to be aged 35 years or older, married or living with a partner, and non-Hispanic White, and to have at least a college education.

Conclusions: Programs promoting smoking cessation might benefit by involving family or other household members to encourage smoke-free homes.

Figures

FIGURE 1—
FIGURE 1—
Survey screening process used to select recent successful quitters and current smokers with a recent failed quit attempt: National Health Interview Survey, 2000.

Comment in

  • Preventing smoking relapse in the Carolinas.
    Xiao H, Hoffman CD, Brito G, Laton CL, Johnson SB. Xiao H, et al. Am J Public Health. 2008 Mar;98(3):389-90. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2007.128355. Epub 2008 Jan 30. Am J Public Health. 2008. PMID: 18235056 Free PMC article. No abstract available.

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