Renal trauma

Radiol Clin North Am. 2007 May;45(3):581-92, ix. doi: 10.1016/j.rcl.2007.04.004.


Urinary tract injury occurs in 10% of all abdominal trauma patients, and the kidney is the most commonly injured organ in the urinary tract. CT with contrast enhancement is the modality of choice for cross-sectional imaging of renal trauma because it quickly and accurately can demonstrate injury to the renal parenchyma, renal pedicles, and associated abdominal or retroperitoneal organs. This article reviews the mechanism, clinical features, imaging modalities, and CT imaging findings according to the classification of the renal trauma. Trauma to underlying abnormal kidneys, iatrogenic renal injuries, and complications of renal trauma are reviewed also.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Contrast Media / administration & dosage
  • Humans
  • Kidney / diagnostic imaging*
  • Kidney / injuries*
  • Kidney Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Radiographic Image Enhancement / methods
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*
  • Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color / methods


  • Contrast Media