Zeolite ionic crystals assembled through direct incorporation of polyoxometalate clusters within 3D metal-organic frameworks

Inorg Chem. 2007 Jul 23;46(15):5957-66. doi: 10.1021/ic070274o. Epub 2007 Jun 28.


Polyoxometalate-based metal-organic frameworks {[Gd(dpdo)(4)(H(2)O)(3)](PMo(12)O(40))(H(2)O)(2)CH(3)CN}(n) (2), {[Dy(dpdo)(4)(H(2)O)(3)](PMo(12)O(40))(H(2)O)(20CH(3)CN}(n) (3), {[Gd(dpdo)(4)(H(2)O)(3)](H(3)O)(SiMo(12)O(40))(dpdo)(0.5)(CH(3)CN)(0.5) (H(2)O)(3)}(n) (4), {[Ho(dpdo)(4)(H(2)O)(3)](H(3)O)(SiMo(12)O(40))(dpdo)(0.5)(CH(3)CN)(0.5)(H(2)O)(3)}(n) (5), {[Ni(dpdo)(2)(CH(3)CN) (H(2)O)(2)](2)(SiMo(12)O(40))(H(2)O)(2)}(n) (6), and {[Ni(dpdo)(3)](4)(PW(12)O(40))(3)[H(H(2)O)(27)(CH(3)CN)(12)]}(n) (7) (where dpdo is 4,4'-bipyridine-N,N'-dioxide) were constructed via self-assembly by embedding Keggin-type polyanions within the intercrystalline voids as guests or pillars. Compounds 2 and 3 are isomorphic and exhibit three-dimensional (3D) noninterwoven 64 frameworks with distorted-honeycomb cavities occupied by the polyanions. Compounds 4 and 5 are comprised of 3D noninterwoven frameworks formed by linking the adjacent folded sheets through hydrogen bonds and pi-pi stacking interactions relative to the free isolated dpdo ligand. Compound 6 is a pillar-layered framework with the [SiMo(12)O(40)](4-) anions located on the square voids of the two-dimensional bilayer sheets formed by the dpdo ligands and nickel(II) ions. Compound 7 is a 3D metal-organic framework formed by nickel(II) and 4,4'-bipyridine-N,N'-dioxide with the globular Keggin-structure [PW(12)O(4)](3-) anion as the template. A large protonated water cluster H(+)(H(2)O)(27) is trapped and stabilized within the well-modulated cavity.