Work related neck-shoulder pain: a review on magnitude, risk factors, biochemical characteristics, clinical picture and preventive interventions

Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 2007 Jun;21(3):447-63. doi: 10.1016/j.berh.2007.02.015.


The purpose of this review is to scrutinize the physiology of neck-shoulder pain and trapezius myalgia based on the most recent scientific literature. Therefore, systematic literature searches have been conducted. Occurrence of neck-shoulder pain, risk factors for development of neck-shoulder pain, and its work-relatedness are addressed. Furthermore, the latest information on the biochemical milieu within healthy and painful neck-shoulder muscles is reviewed. Finally diagnosis of and intervention for neck and shoulder pain are discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Neck Pain / diagnosis
  • Neck Pain / physiopathology*
  • Neck Pain / prevention & control*
  • Occupational Diseases / complications*
  • Occupational Exposure / adverse effects
  • Risk Factors
  • Shoulder Pain / diagnosis
  • Shoulder Pain / physiopathology*
  • Shoulder Pain / prevention & control*