Effect on plasma aldosterone, renin activity and cortisol of acute volume depletion induced by ethacrynic acid under constant infusion of angiotensin II and dexamethasone in man

Eur J Clin Invest. 1976 Jan 30;6(1):51-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2362.1976.tb00493.x.


The influence on plasma aldosterone of acute volume depletion induced by ethacrynic acid was studied in man. The experiments were performed during the morning in supine healthy males receiving a control infusion of 5% glucose or an infusion of angiotensin II (AII) to suppress endogenous renin production or an infusion of dexamethasone to suppress endogenous ACTH. Ethacrynic acid induced in all circumstances a similar diuresis and volume depletion. The rise of plasma renin activity (PRA) was effectively suppressed by AII and the rise of plasma cortisol by dexamethasone. Plasma aldosterone (PA) rose markedly even when the elevation of PRA or cortisol were suppressed. Yet when both endogenous renin and ACTH secretion were blocked, PA rose much less after ethacrynic acid. This residual increase could be attributed mainly to a decrease of the metabolic clearance rate (MCR) of aldosterone which had been measured before and after ethacrynic acid administration. The data presented indicate that multiple factors influencing PA after acute volume depletion could be dissected out and that renin, ACTH and a decrease of the MCR each contribute to the elevation of PA.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Controlled Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adrenocorticotropic Hormone / physiology
  • Aldosterone / blood*
  • Angiotensin II / pharmacology*
  • Dexamethasone / pharmacology*
  • Ethacrynic Acid / pharmacology*
  • Extracellular Space
  • Humans
  • Hydrocortisone / blood*
  • Male
  • Metabolic Clearance Rate / drug effects
  • Renin / blood*


  • Angiotensin II
  • Aldosterone
  • Dexamethasone
  • Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
  • Renin
  • Ethacrynic Acid
  • Hydrocortisone