The molecular chaperone heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) affects the function of many oncogenic signaling proteins including nucleophosmin-anaplastic lymphoma kinase (NPM-ALK) expressed in anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL). While ALK-positive ALCL cells are sensitive to the Hsp90 inhibitor and the geldanamycin (GA) analog, 17-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG), the proteomic effects of these drugs on ALK-positive ALCL cells are unpublished. In this study, we investigated the cellular, biologic, and proteomic changes occurring in ALK-positive ALCL cells in response to GA treatment. GA induced G2/M cell cycle arrest and caspase-3-mediated apoptosis. Furthermore, quantitative proteomic changes analyzed by cleavable isotope-coded affinity tag-LC-MS/MS (cICAT-LC-MS/MS) identified 176 differentially expressed proteins. Out of these, 49 were upregulated 1.5-fold or greater and 70 were downregulated 1.5-fold or greater in GA-treated cells. Analysis of biological functions of differentially expressed proteins revealed diverse changes, including induction of proteins involved in the 26S proteasome as well as downregulation of proteins involved in signal transduction and protein and nucleic acid metabolism. Pathway analysis revealed changes in MAPK, WNT, NF-kappaB, TGFbeta, PPAR, and integrin signaling components. Our studies reveal some of the molecular and proteomic consequences of Hsp90 inhibition in ALK-positive ALCL cells and provide novel insights into the mechanisms of its diverse cellular effects.