Systematic review of accuracy of fetal urine analysis to predict poor postnatal renal function in cases of congenital urinary tract obstruction

Prenat Diagn. 2007 Oct;27(10):900-11. doi: 10.1002/pd.1810.


Objective: To evaluate the clinical usefulness of analysis of fetal urine in the prediction of poor postnatal renal function in cases of congenital urinary tract obstruction.

Methods: A systematic review was performed. We conducted extensive electronic searches (database inception-2006). The reference lists of articles obtained were searched for any further articles. Two reviewers independently selected the articles in which the accuracy of fetal urinalysis was evaluated to predict poor postnatal renal function. There were no language restrictions. Data were extracted on study characteristics, quality and results, to construct 2 x 2 tables. Likelihood ratios for positive (LR+) and negative (LR-) test results were generated for the different fetal urinary analytes at various thresholds.

Results: There were 23 articles that met the selection criteria, including a total of 572 women and 63 2 x 2 tables. The two most accurate tests were calcium > 95th centile for gestation (LR + 6.65, 0.23-190.96; LR - 0.19, 0.05-0.74) and sodium > 95th centile for gestation (LR + 4.46, 1.71-11.6; LR - 0.39, 0.17-0.88). beta(2)-microglobulin was found to be less accurate (LR + 2.92, 1.28-6.69; LR - 0.53, 0.24-1.17).

Conclusion: The current evidence demonstrates that none of the analytes of fetal urine investigated so far can be shown to yield clinically significant accuracy to predict poor postnatal renal function.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Databases, Factual
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Kidney Function Tests / methods
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Pregnancy
  • Prenatal Diagnosis / methods*
  • Urethral Obstruction / congenital
  • Urethral Obstruction / diagnosis*
  • Urethral Obstruction / urine
  • Urinalysis / methods*