The molecular aetiology of haemophilia A in a New Zealand patient group

Haemophilia. 2007 Jul;13(4):420-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2516.2007.01487.x.


The genetic basis of haemophilia A (HA) is well-established, and many haematology services are supported by molecular biology laboratories that offer factor VIII genetic testing for HA patients. This report describes the results from factor VIII gene (F8) analysis of a New Zealand cohort of 45 proband HA patients. We screened all proband HA patients attending local clinics to determine the molecular basis of disease in each case. We also aimed to evaluate the significance of founder effect in this population and to explain an unusual case of HA in a female patient. HA patients were screened for the common F8 gene inversion mutations using previously described PCR-based techniques, and for single base substitution mutations using denaturing high performance liquid chromatography and DNA sequencing. Analysis of microsatellite markers located within or near F8 was used to determine identity by descent and trace inheritance patterns of disease alleles. X-chromosome inactivation (XCI) patterns were detected using methylation specific PCR. Pathogenic F8 gene mutations were detected in all 45 HA patients in this cohort and non-random XCI was confirmed in a female haemophiliac. We report nine novel F8 mutations, including two splicing mutations, a five nucleotide deletion and a large deletion at the 5' end of the gene. The molecular aetiology of HA was similar to that described in other studies but the distribution of mutations was unusual due to founder effects, with almost a quarter of all probands being descended from just three individuals.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • DNA Mutational Analysis / methods
  • Factor VIII / genetics*
  • Female
  • Founder Effect*
  • Haplotypes / genetics
  • Hemophilia A / etiology
  • Hemophilia A / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • New Zealand
  • Pedigree
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods
  • Pregnancy
  • Prenatal Diagnosis
  • X Chromosome Inactivation / genetics*


  • Factor VIII