Groovy times: filamentous pathogen effectors revealed

Curr Opin Plant Biol. 2007 Aug;10(4):358-65. doi: 10.1016/j.pbi.2007.04.017. Epub 2007 Jul 3.


Filamentous microorganisms, such as fungi and oomycetes, secrete an arsenal of effector proteins that modulate plant innate immunity and enable parasitic infection. Deciphering the biochemical activities of effectors to understand how pathogens successfully colonize and reproduce on their host plants became a driving paradigm in the field of fungal and oomycete pathology. Recent findings illustrate a diversity of effector structures and activities, as well as validate the view that effector genes are the target of the evolutionary forces that drive the antagonistic interplay between pathogen and host.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Algal Proteins / toxicity
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / toxicity
  • Fungal Proteins / toxicity
  • Fungi / pathogenicity*
  • Oomycetes / pathogenicity*
  • Plant Diseases / classification*
  • Plants / microbiology*
  • Virulence


  • Algal Proteins
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Fungal Proteins